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武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

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This dictionary presents one list of terms from three languages: 1) Japanese Language (Nihongo); 2) Okinawan Language (Uchināguchi) and 3) English.
The content of shinjinbukan.com including this martial arts dictionary is written according to the Hepburn system for Rōmaji (Japanese with roman letters).
For reference, see Dictionary Format (alternative spellings or transliterations) and Bibliography.

   

  

Nihongo/Basics
Japanese Language: basic vocabulary and greetings. All English words include a Japanese translation.

A

arigatai

arigatō

arigatō gozaimasu

arigatō gozaimashita

B

bangō

C

count

chiisai

D

dōmo

dōmo arigatō

dōmo arigatō gozaimasu

dōmo arigatō gozaimashita

G

ganbatte

ganbaru

ganbarimasu

ganbatte kudasai

ganbarinasai

I

ikaga desu ka

K

kanji

konnichiwa

number(s)

O

ohayō

ohayō gozaimasu

S

shitsurei shimasu

V

various

vehicle

verb

very

very beginning

very first

very middle of

vocabulary

W

wakaru

wakarimasuka?

wakarimasu

wakarimasen

wakaranai

wakarimashita ka?

wakarimashita

wakarimasen deshita

Y

yoi

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Nihongo/Culture
A list of terms about Japanese culture, art, cuisine, drinks and more.  All English words include a Japanese translation.

B

banzai

bonsai

C

cha no yu

D

dōjō

G

gaman

H

hōgen

hōhō

J

joō

K

kaisha

kōhai

Q

queen

R

rekishi

renshū

ryūha

S

senpai

Sensei

shodō

V

vacation

vegetable

vegetarian cuisine

vow

voyage

village

Y

yamato

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Nihongo/Miscellaneous
Other useful Japanese terms.  All English words include a Japanese translation.

H

hayai

hinshitsu

K

kenka

ki o tsukette

O

otagai

Q

qualifications

qualified

quality

quarrel

question

quick

S

shitsumon

shikaku (1)

shikaku (2)

T

tekitō

tokkyū

V

vase

vast

vengeance

verification

verify

versus

vertical

vision

vitamin

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Uchināguchi/Basics
A list of basic vocabulary, greetings & phrases in the Okinawan dialect.  In some cases, there are words that combine Uchināguchi and Japanese.  Some Uchināguchi words will have a Kanji, and are written phonetically with Katakana letters.

U

Uchinā

Uchināguchi

Uchinānchū

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Uchinā/Culture
A list of terms about Okinawan culture, history, art, cuisine, drinks and more...

A

awamori

H

habu

habu sake

N

O

Okinawa Sen

Okinawa no Shīsā

R

Ryūkyū

S

Shīsā

Shīshī

Y

yamatu

yamatunchu

yamatunchū

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Uchinā/Locations
Important geographic locations in Okinawa listed in both Uchināguchi and Japanese.

N

Nafua

Naha

O

Okinawa

Okinawa Ken

U

Uchinā

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Budō/General Terms
A list of terms related to Japanese Martial Arts in general. 

A

arigatō gozaimashita

B

belt

black belt

C

cha no yu

dōgi

dontohō

F

Fuku Shibu

Fuku Shibu Dōjō

G

gi

H

hōhō

Honbu

Honbu Dōjō

I

iaidō

J

jiyū kumite

Jūdō

Jūdō gi

Jūdōka

Jūjutsu

jutsu

K

kai

keiko

keiko gi

keiko gi no kikata

kihon

kihon gata

Kōdōkan

kokyū

kokyūhō

kumite

M

mawashi (1)

mawashi (2)

mudansha

N

nagewaza

O

obi

onegai shimasu

R

reigi

renshū

ryū (1)

ryū (2)

ryūha

S

seiriundō

Shibu

Shibu Dōjō

shiko

shōmen (1)

T

taoshi waza

W

waza

Y

yakusoku kumite

Z

zarei

zen (2)

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Budō/Ranks & Titles
A list of all the basic ranks and titles used by all Japanese Martial Arts, including Okinawan and Japanese Karate styles.

D

Dan

Deshi

Dōjō Chō

G

Go Dan

Go Kyū

H

Hachi Dan

Hachi Kyū

Hanshi

I

I Kkyū

J

Jū Dan

Jū Kyū

K

Kaichō

Kanchō

Karateka

kōhai

kuro obi

Kyōshi

Kyū

Kyū Dan

Kyū Kyū

M

Mago Deshi

Mudansha

N

Nana Dan

Nana Kyū

Ni Dan

Ni Kyū

R

Renshi

Roku Dan

Ro Kyū

San Dan

San Kyū

seito

senpai

Sensei

Shibu Chō

Shihan

Sho Dan

Uchi Deshi

Yon Dan

Yon Kyū

Yūdansha

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Budō/Philosophy
A list of general philosophical concepts used in Martial Arts.  It includes a list of important texts, schools, authors and more...

B

budō

bujutsu

bushi

bushidō

D

Dōjō

G

giri

Gorin No Sho

K

kokoro

M

michi

mu

mushin

mushin no shin

S

satori

seiza

shodō

shōmen (2)

Z

zazen

zen (1)

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Budō/Masters
A very subjective selection of important Martial Artists throughout history.  It does not include Okinawan teachers.

M

Miyamoto Musashi

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques
A list of basic techniques used in Okinawa Karate Dō.  Some terms may have a different meaning in Japanese Karate styles.

A

age uke

aji uke

aji uki

B

bunkai

C

chūdan

chūdan soto barai

chūdan soto uke

chūdan tsuki

chūdan uchi uke

E

enbi

enpi

enpi uchi

G

gedan

gedan barai

gedan soto barai

gedan soto uke

gedan uchi barai

gedan uke

gyaku

gyaku tsuki

H

hiji ate

J

jōdan

jōdan tsuki

jōdan uke

K

keikohō

keri

kihon

kitae gata

L

lower level

M

mae geri

mawashi (2)

mawashi geri

N

nagashi tsuki

O

oi tsuki

S

shutō

shutō uke

soto barai

soto uke

T

tsuki

U

uchi uke

uke

uke kata

uki

ura ken

ura te

W

waza

Y

yobiundō

yoko geri

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands
A list of commands used to indicate begining and ending, direction, special instructions, ceremonial bowing, and more...

A

ashi kōtai

H

hajime

hidari

K

kamae

ki o tsuke

kiai

kōtai (1)

kōtai (2)

M

mae

mae ni

mae ni mite

mawatte

migi

N

naore

O

otagai ni, rei

Q

(be) quiet

R

rei

S

seiza

shizuka ni

sensei ni, rei

shōmen ni, rei

shūgō

soto

soto ni

T

tomaru

U

uchi

uchi ni

ushiro

ushiro ni

Y

yame

yōi

yoko

Z

zen (3)

zenkutsu

zenshin

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata
A list of stances used in Okinawa Karate Dō.  Some terms may be different than in Japanese Karate styles.

H

heisoku dachi

heikō dachi

J

jigotai

K

kokutsu dachi

M

musubi dachi

N

naihanchi dachi

naifuanchi dachi

neko ashi

neko ashi dachi

O

okutsu dachi

S

sakutsu dachi

sanchin dachi

shiko dachi

shizen dachi

T

tachikata

U

uke ashi

uki ashi

uki ashi dachi

Z

zenkutsu dachi

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy
A list of the parts of the human body that are commonly used in Okinawa Karate Dō. 

A

ago

ashi (1)

ashi (2)

C

chūsoku

H

haisoku

hiji

hip

hiza

I

iki

J

jaw

K

kakato

kao

kata (2)

kokoro

koshi (1)

L

leg

M

me

mimi

mune

S

shin

sokutō

sune

T

te (1)

teisoku

tekubi

U

ude

V

voice

W

waki (1)

waki (2)

yubi

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Kobudō
A list of terms related to the Okinawan weapon systems known as Kobudō.  Nowadays, many Karate Schools integrate Kobudō into their curriculum.  However, others regard Kobudō as a separate martial art that should be studied independently from any Karate system.

B

bōjutsu

E

eku

ekudi

K

Kobudō

Kobujutsu

O

Okinawa Kobudō

R

Ryūkyū Kobudō

S

sai

T

tonfa

tunfa

U

uekudi

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha
A list of Kata and all the major styles in Okinawa Karate Dō.  It also includes the major Dōjōs associated with those styles, as well as other important Karate organizations connected to Okinawa.

G

Gōjū Ryū

K

Kobayashi Ryū

kai

Karate

Karate Dō

Kobayashi Ryū

Kyūdōkan

M

Matsubayashi Ryū

Meibukan

N

Nafua Te

Nafua Ti

Naha Te

Naha Ti

O

Okinawa Karate Dō

R

ryū (2)

ryūha

S

Shinjinbukan

Shōrinji Ryū

Shōrin Ryū (1)

Shōrin Ryū (2)

Shōrin Ryū (3)

Shuri Te

Shuri Ti

Sui Di

T

Te (2)

Ti Jutsu

Tōde

Tōde Jutsu

Tōdi

Tomari Te

Tomari Ti

Tuidi

U

Uechi Ryū

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata
A list of Kata practiced by all major styles in Okinawa Karate Dō.  Some Kata names and Kanji readings may be different between Okinawan and Japanese styles.

C

Chintō

D

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata

Dai Ni Kihon Gata

F

Fukyūgata

Fukyūgata Ichi

Fukyūgata Ni

G

Gojūshiho

I

ikkyodō

J

Jion

Jitte

junjo

Jutte

K

kata (1)

kihon gata

Kūsankū

Kūsankū Dai

Kūsankū Shō

N

Naifuanchi

Naifuanchi Sho Dan

Naifuanchi Ni Dan

Naifuanchi San Dan

Naihanchi

Naihanchi Sho Dan

Naihanchi Ni Dan

Naihanchi San Dan

Neko Ashi Tenshin (2)

P

Passai

Passai Dai

Passai Shō

Pinan

Pinan Sho Dan

Pinan Ni Dan

Pinan San Dan

Pinan Yon Dan

Pinan Go Dan

U

Unsu

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Okinawa Karate Dō/Masters
A very subjective selection of the most important teachers in the history of Okinawa Karate Dō. 

C

Chibana Chōshin

H

Higa Yūchoku

I

Itosu Ankō

K

Karateka

M

Miyagi Chōjun

N

Nagamine Shōshin

O

Onaga Yoshimitsu

Y

Yagi Meitoku

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Shinjinbukan/Syllabus
A list of essential terms from the Shinjinbukan Curriculum: Kata (forms), training components, the lineage, and more...

C

chikara ishi

Chintō

chīshi

D

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Chūdan Tsuki

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Jōdan Tsuki

Dai Ichi Kihon Gata no Age Uke

Dai Ni Kihon Gata

G

Gojūshiho

I

Iri Kumi

J

jigotai

Jion

Jitte

Jutte

K

Kaichō

Kanchō

Kakie

kata (1)

keri

kihon

kihon gata

kitae gata

Kobayashi Ryū

Kūsankū

Kūsankū Dai

Kūsankū Shō

M

Machiwara

Makiwara

Miyagi Chōjun Sensei No Yobiundō

N

nagashi tsuki

Naifuanchi

Naifuanchi Sho Dan

Naifuanchi Ni Dan

Naifuanchi San Dan

Naihanchi

Naihanchi Sho Dan

Naihanchi Ni Dan

Naihanchi San Dan

Neko Ashi Tenshin (2)

O

okutsu dachi

Onaga Yoshimitsu

P

Passai

Passai Dai

Passai Shō

Pinan

Pinan Sho Dan

Pinan Ni Dan

Pinan San Dan

Pinan Yon Dan

Pinan Go Dan

S

Sagi Machiwara

Sagi Makiwara

sakutsu dachi

sanchin dachi

Sankaku Tenshin (2)

sāshi

seiriundō

Shinjinbukan

Shinjinbukan no Yobiundō

Shiko Dachi Tenshin (2)

Shōrin Ryū (1)

sōji

sonkyo

T

tatami kata

Tachi Machiwara

Tachi Makiwara

tenshin

tigumi

Ti Machiwara

Ti Makiwara

tobiundō

tsuki

U

uke kata

Unsu

Y

yobiundō

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Shinjinbukan/System
A selection of terms from the Shinjinbukan Jargon.  These terms are essential in order to train, teach and demonstrate the Shinjinbukan curriculum and technical concepts.  Some Ti concepts are in Uchināguchi (Okinawan dialect). 

A

antei

C

chinkuchi

chūshin

D

dontohō

E

enshin

F

findi

H

hayaku

hōhō

I

ikkyodō

In

J

jiku ashi

junjo

K

kagami

karada wo wakeru hōhō

kaki di

keikohō

keru

kiai

kirei

kirikae

kokyū

kokyūhō

koshi (1)

koshi (2)

koshi (3)

kōtai (1)

kōtai (2)

kuma

kyūshin

L

line

M

mae no ten

masugu

me, ashi, te

mochikata

muchimi

N

neko ashi tenshin (1)

nigiri dama

nobasu

O

Onaga no Ti

quickly

quiet

Ryūkyū Bushi

Ryūkyū no Ti

S

sankaku tenshin (1)

seichūsen

seichūshin

seikaku

sen

shiboru

shiko dachi tenshin (1)

shizen

shizuka

shokusokugi

T

Ti

Tichikayā

Ti Gumi

tsuki, keri, tenshin

tsukau

U

ura

ushiro no ten

Y

yukkuri

yukkuri, kirei, seikaku, hayaku

Z

zenshin

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Shinjinbukan/Philosophy
A selection of jargon used to teach important philosophical concepts in the Shinjinbukan School. 

A

arigatō gozaimashita

B

busai

D

Deshi

G

giri

Gorin No Sho

K

Kami

M

Mago Deshi

O

Onaga no Ti

onegai shimasu

otagai ni, rei

R

reigi sahō

Ryūkyū Bushi

Ryūkyū no Ti

Ryūkyū no Ti no Reigi Sahō

S

seito

seiza

Sensei

sensei ni, rei

shōmen (3)

shōmen ni, rei

shūgō

sonkyo

T

Tichikayā

tora

U

Uchi Deshi

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All the terms listed in this dictionary include: Romāji, Hiragana or Katakana, and Kanji.  See examples below: 

Search Alphabetically or By Topic            Dictionary Format            Bibliography            Rōmaji — Japanese with roman letters            Back To Top

   

Search Alphabetically or By Topic            Dictionary Format            Bibliography            Rōmaji — Japanese with roman letters            Back To Top

   

Japanese - English Dictionaries:

Kodansha’s Compact Kanji Guide
First Edition.  Published in 1991 by Kodansha International Ltd.

Martin’s Concise Japanese Dictionary
First Edition.  Published in 1994 by Charles E. Tuttle Publishing Co.

Tuttle Dictionary of Martial Arts of Korea, China & Japan
First Edition.  By Sun-Jin Kim, Daniel Kogan, Nikolaos Kontogiannis & Hali Wong.
Published in 1995 by Charles E. Tuttle Publishing Co.

Martial Arts Books:

Michi - The Way, A Journey Through the History of Zenokikuren
First Edition.  Published in 1995.

Okinawa Karate Kobudo Graph 1995
First Edition.  Published by the Okinawa Prefecture Board of Education.

Japanese Language Web-based Dictionaries:

MONASH.edu

SANSEIDO.net

MATSU KAZE.net

YAMASA.cc

GEOCITIES.jp

WIKIPEDIA.org

INFOHOST.nmt.edu

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Shinjinbukan.com は、神人武館財団により無料で提供されております。このサイトの立場は、私個人では翁長良光会長のご指導について表現するものと理解しております。したがって、会長に代わって何かを主張するものではありません。もうひとつ、弟子の一人として是非付け加えたいですが、会長の人生や口述での伝統について掲載したいと望んでおります。ジミー・モラ

Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation to share Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's Ti: a living and oral tradition.