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武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

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茶の湯

ちゃのゆ

cha no yu

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Culture , Budō/General Terms

Lit. Tea ceremony. 

知花朝信  

チバナ チョウシン

Chibana Chōshin  (alt. Chibana Choushin, Chibana Choshin, Chibana Chosin)   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Masters

Chibana Chōshin Dai Sensei (1885 — 1969) was the founder of the Kobayashi lineage of Shōrin Ryū, which is considered the oldest style of karate.  He is the last senior student of Ankō Itosu (1831 — 1915), who trained under Shuri Ti Tradition.  In 1968, the Emperor of Japan awarded Chibana Sensei the Kunyonto (4th Order of the Sacred Treasure) in recognition for his study and practice of Okinawan Karate.  Shinjinbukan is one of the few schools that carry the Chibana lineage. 
See
Shōrin Ryū (1) , Kobayashi Ryū

小さい

ちいさい

chiisai

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Small, little, tiny.

力石

ちからいし

chikara ishi

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

See chīshi

チンクチ

chinkuchi

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Original word from Uchināguchi (Okinawan dialect). Chinkuchi is the exact point in which a joint can resist a force in two opposite directions (pulling and pushing). This is a unique aspect of the body mechanics that facilitates stability and leverage without wasting muscular force. This concept is unique to Ti, the ancient Okinawan Martial Art.

Chinkuchi can only be learned by allowing the teacher to touch and guide the movement of the student during the execution of a technique. Chinkuchi can not be learned by reading a book on the subject, because without the physical experience and muscle memory it is impossible to develop, embody and produce a chinkuchi quality. Chinkuchi could also be defined as a state-of-mind, because it requires that both mind and body remain in total balance. Nowadays, most Karate teachers who speak and write about chinkuchi do not understand it and are only able to produce stiff mechanical movements with no real-life applications.

チントウ

Chintō  (alt. Chintou, Chinto)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

An ancient Kata from the Shuri Ti tradition, practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles.  Chintō is part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.  Some historians attribute it to Sokun Matsumura.  In Japanese Karate styles it is also called Gankaku.

See Tomari Ti

力石

チー シ

chīshi  (alt. chishi, chiishi)

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. Power stone or lifting stone. A small one-sided weight used to train the stabilizing muscles, while maintaining breathing control, body alignment and balance.  According to Okinawan martial arts tradition, Chīshi  has been used as a training tool for centuries.   
See mochikata , sāshi , shiboru , shiboru , shiboru , Chīshi Drills (photos) , Chīshi (photos) ,
Chīshi — Sensei Jimmy Mora & Preston Flammang (photos) , Making Our Own Chīshi (photos)

中段

ちゅうだん

chūdan  (alt. chuudan, chudan)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Middle height.

中段外払い

ちゅうだんそとばらい

chūdan soto barai  (alt. chuudan soto barai, chudan soto barai)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Middle height outside pushing block.

   

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中段外受け

ちゅうだんそとうけ

chūdan soto uke  (alt. chuudan soto uke, chudan soto uke)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Middle height outside block.

中段突き

ちゅうだんつき

chūdan tsuki  (alt. chuudan tsuki, chudan tsuki)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Middle height hand strike.

中段内受け

ちゅうだんうちうけ

chūdan uchi uke  (alt. chuudan uchi uke, chudan uchi uke)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Middle height inside block.

中心

ちゅうしん

chūshin  (alt. chuushin, chushin)   

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Core, center, heart, pivot, emphasis, balance.
See enshin , kyūshin , antei

中足

ちゅうそく

chūsoku (alt. chuusoku, chusoku)   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Lit. Middle Foot.  Ball of the foot.

count   

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

See numbers

   

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Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

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