Shinjinbukan.com - The international portal of the Shinjinbukan Foundation

 

 

Home > Learning Resources > Ryūkyū Martial Arts / Dictionary: "G"

 

武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

Search Alphabetically:


Search by Topic:

   

   

我慢

がまん

gaman 

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Culture

Lit. Patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial. The concept of gaman is found throughout Japenese culture.  The word gaman is used to express the desire to endure or persevere in the midst of a trial or challenge.  It is used not only in martial arts but also in daily life

頑張って

がんばって

ganbatte  (alt. gambatte, ganbate)

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Hold out, persevere, do your best.  See ganbaru

合宿

がっしゅく

gasshuku  (alt. gashuku)

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

Lit. Training camp, boarding house, or lodging together.  A Gasshuku is a training camp typical of both sports and traditional martial arts.  These training camps offer a different learning experience than a regular class at a Dōjō.  It is common for a Gasshuku to have participants from more than one Dōjō, and in some cases participants from different styles of martial arts. 

In a larger Gasshuku, participants may travel from different cities or even from different countries.  The type of environment and location of a Gasshuku could vary widely and may include a gymnasium, a sports hall, a Dōjō in a city or remote location, or even training outdoors in places like farms, woods, mountains or beaches.  In terms of duration, a Gasshuku may be as short as a weekend or as long as several weeks. 

In general, a large Gasshuku is offered by the most senior instructors of an organization: a Hanshi or a Kyoshi.  However, a small Gasshuku could be taught by a Renshi, or even by one or more mid-level Shihan
See Shihan , Kyoshi , Kyoshi , Hanshi , Kanchō , Kaichō

頑張る

がんばる

ganbaru  (alt. gambaru)

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Stand firm, hang in there, try harder, or bear up. 

動詞の変化   Doushi no henka — Verb conjugations

頑張ります / がんばります / ganbarimasu (present tense)

頑張って下さい /  がんばってください / ganbatte kudasai (polite form)

頑張りなさい / がんばりなさい / ganbarinasai (command form)

下段

げだん

gedan

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lower horizontal column of print.  Lowest tier (step, column of print, berth).  In Martial Arts, it describes a technnique used at a lower height, normally below the waste level.  For example, gedan soto barai or gedan soto uke.

下段払い

げだんばらい

gedan barai

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lower Sweeping Block. 

下段外払い  

げだんそとばらい

gedan soto barai

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lower outside pushing block.  The push block path of movement is from inside to outside of the body's lower half.

下段外受け

げだんそとうけ

gedan soto uke

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lower outside block.  The block path of movement is from inside to outside of the body's lower half.

下段内払い

げだんうちばらい

gedan uchi barai

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lower inside pushing block.  The push block path of movement is from outside to inside of the body's lower half.

下段受け

げだんうけ

gedan uke

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lower block.  Rather than a block, gedan uke is really a lower hand strike technique.

   

Search Alphabetically or By Topic            Dictionary Format            Bibliography            Rōmaji — Japanese with roman letters            Back To Top

   

gi

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

See keiko gi

義理

ぎり

giri  (alt. o giri)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Philosophy , Shinjinbukan/Philosophy

Lit. Obligation sense of duty, debt of gratitude, honor, decency, courtesy.  In traditional martial arts students develop a sense of "giri" towards their teacher, their school and their peers.
See reigi sahō

五段

ごだん

Go Dan  (alt. godan, go-dan)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Fifth level or rank.  It refers to the rank of fifth degree black belt.
See Renshi, Roku Dan

剛柔流

ごうじゅうりゅう

Gōjū Ryū  (alt. Goujuu Ryuu, Goju-Ryu, gojuryu)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha

Lit. The hard and soft style.  The Karate style founded by Master Miyagi Chōjun (1888 — 1953) that originated from the Naha Ti tradition.  Miyagi Sensei started formulating his system during his trip to China in 1915.  But the name Gōjū Ryū was not adopted officially until 1929.
See Miyagi Chōjun

五十四歩

ごじゅうしほ

Gojūshiho  (alt. Gojuushiho, Gojushijo)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. Fifty-four knives.  An ancient Kata from the Shuri Ti tradition, practiced by all Shorin Ryu styles.  Gojūshiho is part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.  The original name of this Kata in the Okinawan dialect is Useishin.

五級

ごきゅう

Go Kyū  (alt. gokyuu, gokyū, gokyu, go-kyū)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Fifth level or rank.  It refers to the fifth rank level below black belt.
See Mudansha

五輪書

ごりんのしょ

Gorin No Sho 

Glossary Category:  Budō/Philosophy , Shinjinbukan/Philosophy

Lit. The Book of Five Rings.  A treatise on military strategy, tactics, martial arts and philosophy, which is attributed to the legendary Samurai, Miyamoto Musashi (1584 — 1645).  According to some scholars, there is no historical evidence that Miyamoto Musashi was the original author of the Gorin no Sho. However, based on tradition it is common to claim Musashi as the author.

In the Gorin no Sho, Musashi describes Heiho as a learning process based on countless practice and research, rather than theoretical learning from books.  This is a practical philosphy of life rather than an intellectual abstract approach.  He also advocates the use of two swords: katana and wakizashi, naming his style Ni Ten Ichi Ryū.

The Book of Five Rings presents Miyamoto Musashi's perspective by naming the chapters after the following elements:

The Ground Chapter — A general introduction explaining the need to first develop a strong foundation for all human endeavours: martial arts, leadership, a building, etc.

The Water Chapter — The Basic tecniques and principles of his style: Ni Ten Ichi Ryū.

The Fire Chapter — A discussion about timing in combat and the challenges facing the warrior in the "heat of battle", which in moderns times has been called the "fog of war".

The Wind Chapter — A technical critique of some Sword Fighting Schools during his lifetime.

The Void Chapter — The correct state-of-mind needed to pursue his path as influenced by Zen Buddhism and other spiritual practices.

In modern times, the Gorin no Sho has been published several times and translated into many languages, having an appeal not only to martial artists, or military strategists, but also to those interested in politics, business world, personal development and philosophy in general. 

One of the most radical ideas in the Gorin no Sho is the need to practice all techniques more than 50 or 100 times, or even 1,000 times.  Only after 10,000 accurate repetitions we can truly appreciate and understand how one single technique really works. 

Many of the principles and philosophy found in the Gorin no Sho are quoted as part of teachings and training philosophy of the Shinjinbukan School in Okinawa, Japan. 
See Miyamoto Musashi

ぎゃく

gyaku 

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Reverse, inverted, opposite. 

逆突き

ぎゃくつき

gyaku tsuki 

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Reverse hand strike.  The striking arm and the most forward foot are on reverse sides.  For example, left hand strike standing with the right foot forward.

   

Search Alphabetically or By Topic            Dictionary Format            Bibliography            Rōmaji — Japanese with roman letters            Back To Top

    

    

Connect with the Shinjinbukan Network:  Twitter  Facebook  You Tube  Google+

Shinjinbukan.com - The International Portal of the Shinjinbukan Foundation.

Home

OUR TEACHER:

Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō

Tichikayā

ONAGA KAICHŌ'S TEACHINGS:

Dōjō Kun

Ti no Tetsugaku

Reigi Sahō

Uchi Deshi

Shinjinbukan no Māku

Shinjinbukan Uta

 

OUR SCHOOL IN OKINAWA:

Shinjinbukan Honbu Dōjō

Onaga Michiko Kanchō

Arakaki Shunichi Sensei

Miyahira Tōru Sensei

Nafuda

GENERAL INFORMATION:

Shinjinbukan no Keitō

Shinjinbukai − Affiliate members

Deshi List

 

OUR SHIBU:

Shibu Directory

Our Shibu's Nafuda

 

OUR SHIBU / NORTH AMERICA:

NEW YORK, NEW YORK − USA:

Shinjinbukan New York Shibu Dōjō

Jimmy Mora − Shibu Chō

 

OUR SHIBU / ASIA:

ISRAEL:

Shinjinbukan Tel Aviv Dōjō

Slava Grinshpun − Dōjō Chō

 

OUR SHIBU / EUROPE:

LATVIA:

Shinjinbukan Riga Dōjō

Artis Pabriks − Shibu Chō

FRANCE:

Shinjinbukan Lyon Dōjō

Jean-marie Perrier − Dōjō Chō

Ludovic Soler − Assistant Instructor

GERMANY:

Shinjinbukan Augsburg Dōjō

Melanie Petrak − Dōjō Chō

Shinjinbukan Bruchsal Dōjō

Christian Streicher − Dōjō Chō

 

LEARNING RESOURCES:

TRAINING MANUALS:

Bookstore

The Shinjinbukan System

RYŪKYŪ MARTIAL ARTS:

History of Okinawa Karate Dō

Budō Jiten − Martial arts dictionary

Uchināguchi − Okinawan language

Frequently asked questions

Links − Recommended websites

NIHONGO − JAPANESE LANGUAGE:

Rōmaji − Hepburn system

Hiragana and Katakana

Kanji − Chinese characters

MULTIMEDIA:

Videos

Gallery

Articles

ABOUT US:

The Shinjinbukan Foundation

The Shinjinbukan Network

Contact us

Credits − Contributors

Copyright − Legal disclosure

Shinjinbukan.com - The International Portal of the Shinjinbukan Foundation.

神人武館ニューヨーク支部道場、アメリカ合衆国 / Shinjinbukan New York Shibu Dōjō — United States
Ripley-Grier Studios, 939 8th Avenue, #307, New York, NY 10019, USA ∙ email: info@shinjinbukan.com ∙ Private Dōjō: To visit please make an appointment.   more

Shibu Chō: Jimmy Mora, Renshi, Roku Dan (6th Dan) ∙ © 2016 Shinjinbukan Foundation

Shinjinbukan.com - The International Portal of the Shinjinbukan Foundation.

Shinjinbukan.com は、神人武館財団により無料で提供されております。このサイトの立場は、私個人では翁長良光会長のご指導について表現するものと理解しております。したがって、会長に代わって何かを主張するものではありません。もうひとつ、弟子の一人として是非付け加えたいですが、会長の人生や口述での伝統について掲載したいと望んでおります。ジミー・モラ

Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation to share Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's Ti: a living and oral tradition.