Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary
This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.
Written by Jimmy Mora
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Lit. Patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial. The concept of gaman is found throughout Japenese culture. The word gaman is used to express the desire to endure or persevere in the midst of a trial or challenge. It is used not only in martial arts but also in daily life.
ganbatte (alt. gambatte, ganbate)
Lit. Hold out, persevere, do your best. See ganbaru
gasshuku (alt. gashuku)
Lit. Training camp, boarding house, or lodging together. A Gasshuku is a training camp typical of both sports and traditional martial arts. These training camps offer a different learning experience than a regular class at a Dōjō. It is common for a Gasshuku to have participants from more than one Dōjō, and in some cases participants from different styles of martial arts.
In a larger Gasshuku, participants may travel from different cities or even from different countries. The type of environment and location of a Gasshuku could vary widely and may include a gymnasium, a sports hall, a Dōjō in a city or remote location, or even training outdoors in places like farms, woods, mountains or beaches. In terms of duration, a Gasshuku may be as short as a weekend or as long as several weeks.
In general, a large Gasshuku is offered by the most senior instructors of an organization: a Hanshi or a Kyoshi. However, a small Gasshuku could be taught by a Renshi, or even by one or more mid-level Shihan.
ganbaru (alt. gambaru)
Lit. Stand firm, hang in there, try harder, or bear up.
動詞の変化 Doushi no henka — Verb conjugations
頑張ります / がんばります / ganbarimasu (present tense)
頑張って下さい / がんばってください / ganbatte kudasai (polite form)
頑張りなさい / がんばりなさい / ganbarinasai (command form)
Lit. Lower horizontal column of print. Lowest tier (step, column of print, berth). In Martial Arts, it describes a technnique used at a lower height, normally below the waste level. For example, gedan soto barai or gedan soto uke.
Lit. Lower Sweeping Block.
gedan soto barai
Lit. Lower outside pushing block. The push block path of movement is from inside to outside of the body's lower half.
gedan soto uke
Lit. Lower outside block. The block path of movement is from inside to outside of the body's lower half.
gedan uchi barai
Lit. Lower inside pushing block. The push block path of movement is from outside to inside of the body's lower half.
Lit. Lower block. Rather than a block, gedan uke is really a lower hand strike technique.
See keiko gi
giri (alt. o giri)
Lit. Obligation sense of duty, debt of gratitude, honor, decency, courtesy. In traditional martial arts students develop a sense of "giri" towards their teacher, their school and their peers.
Go Dan (alt. godan, go-dan)
Gōjū Ryū (alt. Goujuu Ryuu, Goju-Ryu, gojuryu)
Lit. The hard and soft style. The Karate style founded by Master Miyagi Chōjun (1888 — 1953) that originated from the Naha Ti tradition. Miyagi Sensei started formulating his system during his trip to China in 1915. But the name Gōjū Ryū was not adopted officially until 1929.
Gojūshiho (alt. Gojuushiho, Gojushijo)
Lit. Fifty-four knives. An ancient Kata from the Shuri Ti tradition, practiced by all Shorin Ryu styles. Gojūshiho is part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum. The original name of this Kata in the Okinawan dialect is Useishin.
Go Kyū (alt. gokyuu, gokyū, gokyu, go-kyū)
Lit. Fifth level or rank. It refers to the fifth rank level below black belt.
Gorin No Sho
Lit. The Book of Five Rings. A treatise on military strategy, tactics, martial arts and philosophy, which is attributed to the legendary Samurai, Miyamoto Musashi (1584 — 1645). According to some scholars, there is no historical evidence that Miyamoto Musashi was the original author of the Gorin no Sho. However, based on tradition it is common to claim Musashi as the author.
In the Gorin no Sho, Musashi describes Heiho as a learning process based on countless practice and research, rather than theoretical learning from books. This is a practical philosphy of life rather than an intellectual abstract approach. He also advocates the use of two swords: katana and wakizashi, naming his style Ni Ten Ichi Ryū.
The Book of Five Rings presents Miyamoto Musashi's perspective by naming the chapters after the following elements:
The Ground Chapter — A general introduction explaining the need to first develop a strong foundation for all human endeavours: martial arts, leadership, a building, etc.
The Water Chapter — The Basic tecniques and principles of his style: Ni Ten Ichi Ryū.
The Fire Chapter — A discussion about timing in combat and the challenges facing the warrior in the "heat of battle", which in moderns times has been called the "fog of war".
The Wind Chapter — A technical critique of some Sword Fighting Schools during his lifetime.
The Void Chapter — The correct state-of-mind needed to pursue his path as influenced by Zen Buddhism and other spiritual practices.
In modern times, the Gorin no Sho has been published several times and translated into many languages, having an appeal not only to martial artists, or military strategists, but also to those interested in politics, business world, personal development and philosophy in general.
One of the most radical ideas in the Gorin no Sho is the need to practice all techniques more than 50 or 100 times, or even 1,000 times. Only after 10,000 accurate repetitions we can truly appreciate and understand how one single technique really works.
Many of the principles and philosophy found in the Gorin no Sho are quoted as part of teachings and training philosophy of the Shinjinbukan School in Okinawa, Japan.
Lit. Reverse, inverted, opposite.
Lit. Reverse hand strike. The striking arm and the most forward foot are on reverse sides. For example, left hand strike standing with the right foot forward.
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Shibu Chō: Jimmy Mora, Renshi, Roku Dan (6th Dan) ∙ © 2016 Shinjinbukan Foundation
Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora