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武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

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波布

ハブ

habu

Glossary by Category:  Uchinā/Culture

A poisonous snake indigenous of the Ryūkyū Islands.
See habu sake

波布酒       ハブ酒

はぶさけ

habu sake

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Culture

A variety of liquor typical of Okinawa.  A habu snake is soaked inside a mix of awamori and other herbs for weeks.  The most expensive brands of habu sake comes with a snake inside the bottle.  Some people believe it is good for stamina, back problems, arthritis and to cleanse the body.
See habu

八段

はちだん

Hachi Dan   

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Eighth level or rank.  It refers to the rank of eighth degree black belt. 
See Kyōshi, Nana Dan

八級

はちきゅう

Hachi Kyū  (alt. hachikyuu, hachikyū, hachikyu, hachi-kyū)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Eighth level or rank.  It refers to the eighth rank level below black belt.
See Mudansha

背足

はいそく

haisoku   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Lit. Reverse Foot (instep).

始め

はじめ

hajime   

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Start, beginning, origin.  This command is given to start any group exercise, drill, kumite, or kata. 

範士

はんし

Hanshi   

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. A refined, polished samurai master.  Nowadays Japanese traditional martial arts use the titles Renshi, Kyōshi and Hanshi, which are equivalent to senior instructor ranks.  These titles were first used by Samurai warriors.  Hanshi is the highest of the three instructor ranks.  It is usually held by a Kyū Dan (9th Dan) or a Jū Dan (10th Dan).
See Renshi, Kyōshi, Kyū Dan, Jū Dan

早い

はやい

hayai 

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Miscellaneous

Lit. Quick, fast or swift. 

早く

はやく

hayaku

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Quickly, swiftly or rapidly.  Hayaku (dan dan hayaku suru) is the fourth and final stage of the learning process used by the Shinjinbukan School.  Based on this principle, every new process speed must be developed gradually, while maintaining the other principles of the learning processs.  If the body becomes stiff or the good form / posture is lost, then the speed of movement is too fast.  Hayaku (dan dan hayaku suru) is essential to ALL BODY MOVEMENTS: basic techniques, body displacement, kata, machiwara training, etc.
See yukkuri , kirei , seikaku , yukuri, kirei, seikaku, hayaku

平行立ち

へいこうだち

heikō dachi  (alt. heikou dachi, heiko dachi)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Parallel stance.  Feet are placed parallel to each other at shoulder width.

   

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閉足立ち

へいそくだち

heisoku dachi   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Closed feet stance.  Heels and big toes touch, thus fully closing the legs and knees.

ひだり

hidari   

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Left.  Left hand side.

比嘉佑直

ヒガ ユウチョク

Higa Yūchoku  (alt. Higa Yuuchoku, Higa Yuchoku)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Masters

Lit. Left.  Higa Yuchoku Dai Sensei (1910 — 1994) was the founder of Kyudokan, Chibana Dai Sensei’s uchi deshi (close disciple) and the teacher of Onaga Yoshimitsu Sensei.  During his lifetime, he received many honors and recognition as one of Okinawa leading teachers.

肘       肱

ひじ

hiji   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Lit. Elbow. 

肘当て

ひじあて

hiji ate   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Elbow strike. 

品質

ひんしつ

hinshitsu   

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Miscellaneous

Lit. Quality

hip

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Translation: koshi (1)

ひざ

hiza   

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Lit. Knee or lap. 

方言

ほうげん

hōgen  (alt. hougen, hogen)      

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Culture

Lit. Dialect.  There are several dialects in Japan, such as Hokkaido hōgen, Okinawa hōgen, etc.

方法

ほうほう

hōhō  (alt. houhou, hoho)      

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Culture  Budō/General Terms , Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Method, process, manner, technique.  The term hōhō is generally used to describe a process or the proper manner in which a skill is developed.  In Martial Arts it generally describes the correct training method necessary for a specific skill, the proper way of executing a technique, or even the proper thinking process used to understand the foundations of a martial arts system.
See dontohō , keikohō

   

本部

ほんぶ

Honbu  (alt. hombu)

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

Lit. Headquarters.
See Honbu Dōjō , Shibu , Fuku Shibu

本部道場

ほんぶ

Honbu Dōjō  (alt. Hombu Dojo, Honbu Dojo)

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

Lit. Headquarters School. In martial arts the term Honbu Dōjō refers to the main school or headquarters of an organization headed by a high ranking instructor who claims heritage to a ryūha (martial arts style) or lineage. Therefore, a Honbu Dōjō is not subordinate to any other school.

The leader of the Honbu Dōjō could be addressed with two formal tittles: 1) Kanchō, chief instructor or director of the Honbu Dōjō; or 2) Kaichō, president of an association of schools directed by the Honbu Dōjō.

In terms of an organization's structure, the Honbu Dōjō, or headquarters, controls multiple branch schools called Shibu Dōjō, headed by senior instructors or direct deshi (disciples) of the Kaichō or Kanchō. The Shibu Dōjō could also be authorized by the Honbu to oversee sub-branches called Fuku Shibu Dōjō, which are headed by junior instructors.
See Dōjō , Shibu Dōjō , Fuku Shibu Dōjō

   

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Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

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