Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary
This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.
Written by Jimmy Mora
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Lit. Body self-protection. This is also the name of a defensive posture in Judō. However, in the Shinjinbukan School Jigotai is a completely different stance used extensively for fighting, movement drills and makiwara. It is a variation from shiko dachi with one foot forward. It has 50% of the body weight on each foot and combines shiko dachi’s lower center of gravity with neko ashi’s mobility. Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō prefers to write Jigotai using ジゴ体, a combination of Katakana and Kanji, rather than the more common way used by most teachers of martial arts: 自護体.
Lit. Pivot leg. It refers to the axis foot used to rotate the body and change directions. In the Shinjinbukan School, the use of jiku ashi is completely different than in most Karate styles.
A Kata from the Tomari Ti tradition practiced by some Shorin Ryū styles and part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum. In Japanese Karate Jion is written with the characters: 慈恩 (Lit. Mercy Grace). In Okinawan Karate styles, the name "Jion" is written using Katakana: ジオン, because this was the word used in Uchinaguchi (Okinawan dialect). However, the origin of this word is probably Classical Chinese.
A Kata from the Tomari Ti tradition practiced by some Shorin Ryū styles and part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum. In Japanese Karate Jitte is written with the characters: 十手 (Lit. Ten Hands or short metal truncheon). In Okinawan Karate styles, the name "Jitte" is written using Katakana: ジッテ, because this was the word used in Uchinaguchi (Okinawan dialect). However, the origin of this word is probably Classical Chinese.
jiyū kumite (alt. jiyu kumite, jiyu-kumite, jyuu kumite, jyu kumite)
Lit. Free-style Sparring. It refers to sports Karate sparring or tournament fighting. Karate tournaments have specific rules created for safety and to emphasize each style. Ju kumite should not be confused with full contact fighting, which is typically done without protective gear but still has specific fighting rules.
jō (alt. jo, jou)
Lit. A short staff. Jō is a wooden staff used in traditional Japanese Martial Arts. The standard length of the weapon in Japanese units of measurements is four shaku, two sun and one bu; which equal to an approximate length of 6 shaku or 1.276 meters or 4.18 feet. The traditional Japanese Martial Arts that uses the Jō is called Jōdō. In addition, some branches of Aikido use the Jō, as well other weapons. This is type of Aikido is referred as Aiki-jō.
jōdan (alt. joodan, joudan, jodan)
Lit. Upper level.
jōdan tsuki (alt. joodan tsuki, joudan tsuki, jodan tsuki)
Lit. Upper level hand strike.
jōdan uke (alt. joodan uke, joudan uke, jodan uke)
Lit. Upper level block.
jōdō (alt. jodo, joudou)
Lit. The Way of Jo (short staff). This ancient Japanese Martial Arts which uses a short staff with Japanese measurements of four shaku, two sun and one bu; equal to an approximate length of 6 shaku or 1.276 meters or 4.18 feet. According to oral tradition, Jōdō was founded by Musō Gonnosuke Katsuyoshi around 1605 after a famous duel with Miyamoto Musashi (1584–1645). The ancient name of Jōdō was Shintō Musōryū Jōjutsu or Shintō Musoryu Jōdo (also pronounced Shindō Musoryu Jōdo). Nowadays, Jōdō could be divided into two schools:
It is very important to make a distinction between Jōdō and Aiki-jō. These two martial arts very different and should not be confused, even though they both use the jō (short staff).
joō (alt. joou)
Jū Dan (alt. juudan, jūdan, judan, ju-dan)
Jūdō (alt. Juudoo, Judo)
Lit. The soft or gentle way. A Japanese Martial Art,founded by Master Jigoro Kano in 1882. At age 22, he combined different jūjitsu styles and concluded that by "taking together all the merits I have acquired from the various schools of Jūjitsu, and adding my own devices and inventions, I have founded a new system for physical culture, mental training and winning contests. This I call Kodokan Jūdō". See Jūjutsu , Kōdōkan
Jūdō gi (alt. Juudoo gi, Judo gi)
Lit. The traditional Jūdō uniform.
Jūdōka (alt. Juudooka, Judoka)
Lit. The Jūdō practitioner.
Jūjutsu (alt. Juujutsu, Jujutsu, jujitsu)
Lit. The Soft Art or soft technique. An ancient Japanese grappling fighting art. There are many schools of Jūjutsu based on using throws, grips, locks and other floor fighting techniques. See Jūdō , Kōdōkan
Jū Kyū (alt. juukyuu, jūkyū, jukyu, ju-kyū)
Lit. Tenth level or rank. The tenth rank level below black belt.
Lit. Order, sequence or procedure. The correct sequence of each Kata (Form). In the Shinjinbukan School the study of Kata starts with the Junjo in order to learn the correct body mechanics and the correct static positions (chinkuchi).
jutsu (alt. jitsu)
Lit. Art, technique, skill, means, trick, resources, magic. Any weaponless fighting art. So, the word jutsu is part of: Jujitsu, Ti Jutsu, Bujutsu, etc.
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Shibu Chō: Jimmy Mora, Renshi, Roku Dan (6th Dan) ∙ © 2016 Shinjinbukan Foundation
Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora