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武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

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ナー

nā 

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Culture , Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. The enclosed space before Okinawan tombs.  In ancient times, Okinawan martial artists practiced at the tombs of their teachers. The traditional Okinawan tombs have a small yard or open area at the entrance, which is called in the Okinawan language.  Nowadays, most Karate in Okinawa is practiced indoors (inside the Dōjō).  In the Shinjinbukan school, even when training is conducted indoors, the denomination is used metaphorically when entering and exiting the training area of the machiwara, sagi machiwara, as well as in the context of Ase Fukiji no Sahō (method for drying the sweat). 

According to Onaga Kaichō, the concept of Nā as a whole implies a lot of traditions that go back to the ancient roots of Ryūkyū no Ti.  As a matter of fact, the literal meaning of Nā refers to Okinawan tombs in general, but in the context of the Ryūkyū martial arts culture (the culture of Ti), it specifically refers to the ones which were used for training; or to describe the outdoor training area in the glades (an open area in the middle of the woods); or the circular combat occupied by two opponents/training partners during Kakie; or the space surrounding the machiwara or sagi machiwara.  Therefore, the Tichikayā (Ti practitioner) makes a bow before entering and before exiting the Nā.  This type of bowing is called Tichikayā no Rei (Ti practitioner's bow).

See Entering The Nā (photos) , Ryūkyū no Ti , Tichikayā

流し突き

ながしつき

nagashi tsuki 

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. A thrust or stab generated with a force that pours out, spills out, washes away, or flushes out.  A type of Tsuki (hand strike) also known as flowing tsuki, which is commonly generated with a fast over-extension of the arm.  Many styles of Karate exaggerate this hand strike in order to increase speed and power.  In the Shinjinbukan School, the nagashi tsuki is locked by the hip on the opposite to the arm rather than being locked by the shoulder blade. 

投げ技

なげわざ

nagewaza 

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

Lit. Throwing Techniques used in Sumo or Judo. 

那覇

ナフア

Nafua 

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Locations

See Naha

那覇手

ナフアテ

Nafua Te

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha

See Naha Ti

那覇手

ナフアティー

Nafua Ti

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha

See Naha Ti

長嶺将真  

ナガミネ ショウシン

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Masters

Nagamine Shōshin  (alt. Nagamine Shoushin, Nagamine Shoshin, Nagamine Shosin)   

(K)  Nagamine Shōshin Sensei (1907 — 1997) was the founder of the Matsubayashi lineage of Shōrin Ryū.  His two main teachers were Chotoku Kyan (1870 — 1945) and Choki Motobu (1871 — 1944). 
See
Shōrin Ryū (2) , Matsubayashi Ryū

那覇

ナハ

Naha 

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Locations

The modern capital of Okinawa.

那覇手

ナハテ

Naha Te

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha

See Naha Ti

那覇手

ナハティー

Naha Ti

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha

Lit. The Naha Hand.  Naha Ti is a generic name given to the Karate schools which originated around the Naha City area, and later came to be known as Gōjū Ryū.  Hence the name, Naha Ti.  Naha Ti is not a style of Ti.  This Karate lineage originated with Kanryo Higaonna (1853 — 1915).  His most important disciple Chōjun Miyagi (1888 — 1953) later named the style Gōjū Ryū.
See Gōjū Ryū

   

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ナイフアンチ

Naifuanchi  (alt. Naihanchi)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

A set of three Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles and part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.  In Japanese Karate these Katas are called Tekki.

ナイフアンチ立ち

ナイフアンチだち

naifuanchi dachi  (alt. Naihanchi dachi)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Naifuanchi Stance.  This is one of the most typical stances found in Okinawan Karate.

ナイフアンチ初段

ナイフアンチショダン

Naifuanchi Sho Dan  (alt. Naifuanchi Shodan, Naifuanchi Sho-Dan, Naihanchi Sho Dan)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. The First Naifuanchi.  The first of the three Naifuanchi Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, which are practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles.  These katas are part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.

ナイフアンチ二段

ナイフアンチニダン

Naifuanchi Ni Dan  (alt. Naifuanchi Nidan, Naifuanchi Ni-Dan, Naihanchi Ni Dan)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. The Second Naifuanchi.  The second of the three Naifuanchi Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, which are practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles.  These katas are part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.

ナイフアンチ三段

ナイフアンチサンダン

Naifuanchi San Dan  (alt. Naifuanchi Sandan, Naifuanchi San-Dan, Naihanchi San Dan)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. The Third Naifuanchi.  The third of the three Naifuanchi Katas from the Shuri Ti tradition, which are practiced by all Shōrin Ryū styles.  These katas are part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.

ナイハンチ

Naihanchi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

See Naifuanchi

ナイハンチ立ち

ナイハンチだち

naihanchi dachi 

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

See naihanchi dachi

ナイハンチ初段

ナイハンチショダン

Naihanchi Sho Dan

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

See Naifuanchi Sho Dan

ナイハンチ二段

ナイハンチニダン

Naihanchi Ni Dan

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

See Naifuanchi Ni Dan

ナイハンチ三段

ナイハンチサンダン

Naihanchi San Dan

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

See Naifuanchi San Dan

   

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七段

ななだん

Nana Dan  (alt. nanadan, nana-dan)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Seventh level or rank.  It refers to the rank of seventh degree black belt.
See Kyōshi, Hachi Dan

七級

ななきゅう

Nana Kyū  (alt. nanakyuu, nanakyū, nanakyu, nana-kyū)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Seventh level or rank.  It refers to the seventh rank level below black belt.
See Mudansha

直れ

なおれ

naore

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

This command is used to end a drill or kata by returning to the starting position.

ネコ足      (猫足立)

ねこあし

neko ashi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Cat Foot.  See neko ashi dachi

ネコ足立ち      (猫足立ち)

ねこあしだち

neko ashi dachi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Cat Foot Stance.  This classic Shōrin Ryū stance is suitable for fast movements and keri (foot strikes).  The body weight distribution of neko ashi dachi is designed to hold approximately 70% of the weight on the supporting leg (back leg) and 30% of the weight on the other leg. 

In the Shinjinbukan School, neko ashi dachi has the following characteristics that make it different to those used in other Karate Schools: a smaller surface, the standard body position is at a 45 degree angle, the center axis of the body is always kept straight and the use of Koshi (Hip Joint Mechanism) to change the height of the stance.  Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō prefers to write Neko Ashi Dachi using ネコ足立ち, a combination of Katakana and Kanji, rather than the more common way used by most Karate teachers: 猫足立ち.

There are many variations of neko ashi with no specific names in Okinawa.  These variations could be grouped into four general categories.  However, each category has different sizes that don't have a given name:
  — takai neko ashi: High neko ashi is a much taller stance than the regular neko ashi, almost at full height.
  — hikui neko ashi: Low neko ashi is a much lower stance, almost to the point of touching the floor.
  — neko ashi / front foot closed: The front foot wraps around the back to close the entire lower body.
  — neko ashi / back foot crossed: The back foot crosses behind the front foot which holds most of the body weight.

ネコ足転身      (猫足転身)

ねこあしてんしん

neko ashi tenshin (1)

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Cat Stance Movement.  The term neko ashi tenshin decribes a classic movement found in Okinawan Karate, especially in Shōrin Ryū.  Neko ashi tenshin could also include a combination of different types of neko ashi stances.  The ability to use neko ashi tenshin is suitable for creating fast combinations of tsuki, keri and tenshin.  In the Shinjinbukan School, neko ashi tenshin is taught to be executed keeping the senchūshin (center axis) straight and without leaning forward or backwards during motion.  In general terms, neko ashi tenshin refers to the use of neko ashi (cat stance) during for tenshin.  It should not be confused with the Kihon Gata called Neko Ashi Tenshin.

ネコ足転身      (猫足転身)

ねこあしてんしん

Neko Ashi Tenshin (2)

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. Cat Stance Movement.  Neko Ashi Tenshin is a Kihon Gata (Basic Form) which has been practiced in Okinawa for over one hundred years.  Some of the modern adaptations of the Kihon Gata Neko Ashi Tenshin are attributed to Higa Yūchoku Dai Sensei and were practiced among many Shōrin Ryū practitioners. 

In the Shinjinbukan School, there are approximately six variations of the Kihon Gata Neko Ashi Tenshin, some of which are more pedagogical in nature.  Therefore, only some of them are performed in a enbu (martial arts demonstration) or practiced by advanced students on a reguar basis.
See kihon gata , Kaki Di , Higa Yūchoku

二段

にだん

Ni Dan  (alt. nidan, ni-dan)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Second level or rank.  It refers to the rank of second degree black belt.
See Yūdansha, Dan, kuro obi

握り玉

にぎりだま

nigiri dama  (alt. nidan, ni-dan)

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Squeezing or gripping ball; squeezing egg.  A tool made of hey or straw used to learn how to close the hand for a strike.  Nigiri Dama is an essential tool used to develop control and flexibility of each finger muscle while making a fist.  In the Shinjinbukan School, this method for making a fist is known as Shiboru.  All Shinjinbukan students learn to use shiboru to create a "Sealed Water Tight Fist". 
See shiboru , shiboru control (photos) , nigiri dama drills (photos)

二級

にきゅう

Ni Kyū  (alt. nikyuu, nikyū, nikyu, ni-kyū)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Second level or rank.  It refers to the second rank level below black belt.
See Mudansha

   

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伸ばす       延ばす

のばす

nobasu

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. To lengthen, to stretch, to reach out, to postpone, to prolong, to extend.  To reach the full length of a technique, such as a hand strike.

number(s)

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Translation: bangō


 1.            いち ...............  ichi

 2.            に ..................  ni

 3.            さん ...............  san

 4.            し / よん .........  shi / yon

 5.            ご ..................  go

 6.            ろく ...............  roku

 7.            しち / なな ....... shichi /nana

 8.            はち ................ hachi

 9.            く / きゅう ....... ku / kyū

10.            じゅ / じゅう.... ju / jū

11.      十一    じゅういち ..... jū ichi

12.      十二    じゅうに ........ jū ni

13.      十三    じゅうさん ..... jū san

14.      十四    じゅうよん ..... jū yon

15.      十五    じゅうご .......  jū go

16.      十六    じゅうろく ....  jū roku

17.      十七    じゅうなな.....  jū nana

18.      十八    じゅうはち ....  jū hachi

19.      十九    じゅうきゅう .. jū kyū

20.      二十    にじゅう .......  ni jū

    10.         十      じゅ / じゅう .... ju / jū

    20.      二十      にじゅう .......... ni jū

    30.      三十      さんじゅう ....... san jū

    40.      四十      よんじゅう ....... yon jū

    50.      五十      ごじゅう .......... go jū

    60.      六十      ろくじゅう ....... roku jū

    70.      七十      ななじゅう ....... nana jū

    80.      八十      はちじゅう ....... hachi jū

    90.      九十      きゅうじゅう .... kyū jū

  100.         百      ひゃく ............ hyaku

  200.      二百      にひゃく ........ ni hyaku

  300.      三百      さんびゃく ..... san byaku

  400.      四百      よんひゃく ..... yon hyaku

  500.      五百      ごひゃく ........ go hyaku

  600.      六百      ろぴゃく ........ ro pyaku

  700.      七百      ななひゃく ..... nana hyaku

  800.      八百      はぴゃく ........ ha pyaku

  900.      九百      くひゃく ........ ku hyaku

  1,000.      千       せん .............  sen

10,000.            まん / ばん ..... man / ban

   

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Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

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