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武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

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うち

uchi

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Inside. 

内弟子

うちでし

Uchi Deshi

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles , Shinjinbukan/Philosophy

Lit. Private pupil, apprentice or disciple.  In traditional Martial Arts and in the Shinjinbukan School there is a diference between a seito (student) and a deshi (disciple).  Furthermore, an uchi deshi is a close disciple who lives and trains in the Dōjō. 
See Sensei, seito, Deshi

沖縄

ウチナー

Uchinā    (alt. Uchinaa, Uchina)

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Locations

Lit. Open sea straw rope or cord.  The name of the main Okinawa island.
See Uchināguchi , Uchinānchū

内に

うちに

uchi ni

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. To the inside.  In Okinawan Karate it is used to describe the outward direction of a technique.

内受け      (内受)

うちうけ

uchi uke

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Inside reception or inside block.  The path of movement goes from the outside to the inside of the body.

沖縄語

ウチナーグチ

Uchināguchi    (alt. Uchinaaguchi, Uchinaguchi)

Glossary Category:  Uchināguchi/Basics

Lit. Open sea straw rope or cord.  The name of the Okinawan indigenous language, also called Okinawa Hōgen.  There are several types of dialects within the Ryūkyū Islands: Shuri-Naha dialect, Nakijin dialect, Amami dialect and Miyako dialect.
See Uchinānchū , Uchinā

沖縄人

ウチナーンチュ

Uchinānchū    (alt. Uchinaanchuu, Uchinanchu)

Glossary Category:  Uchināguchi/Basics

Lit. Okinawan person.  The people of Okinawa call themselves Uchinanchū.
See Uchināguchi , Uchinā

うで

ude

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Lit. Arm. 

上地流

うえちりゅう

Uechi Ryū  (alt. Goujuu Ryuu, Goju-Ryu, gojuryu)

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Ryūha

Lit. The style of Uechi.  The Karate style founded by Master Uechi Kanbun (1877 — 1948), who spent 10 years studying Pangai-noon in China.  In 1904, Uechi Kanbun received a teaching certificate under a Chinese master named Shushiwa and opened his first school in Nanjing province, China.  In 1910, Uechi Kanbun returned to Okinawa, and in 1925, he established the Institute of Pangainun Ryū Todi Jutsu in Wakayama City, Wakayama Prefectur (in mainland Japan). 

In 1940, the Okinawan students of Master Uechi Kanbun renamed the style to "Uechi Ryū" in honor of their teacher.  The legacy of Uechi Kanbun was continued by his son Uechi Kanei Uechi, who taught at his Dōjō in Futenma City, Okinawa.

uekudi      ウェークディ   ウェーク手  

Glossary Category:  Kobudō

Lit. Oar, scull, paddle.  A form of bojutsu developed by Okinawan fishermen and later incorporated into Okinawan Kobudo.

   

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受       受け

うけ

uke

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Receive, holder, defense, reputation or agreement.  The word uke is often mistranslated as a block.  According to Onaga Sensei, there are no blocks in Okinawan Karate.  Some uke may look like a block, because they are just an exercise.  In a real life application, uke is a combination of hand strike and movement.  There are different types of uke:
age uke , aji uke , aji uki , gedan soto barai , gedan soto uke , gedan uchi barai , soto barai , soto uke , uchi uke

受け立ち

うけあし

uke ashi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Blocking Stance.  See uki ashi dachi

受型       受け型

うけかた

uke kata

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

Lit. Receiving form or blocking form.  There are many types of uke drills in all Martial Arts.  In the Shinjinbukan school, uke kata is a special drill that combines all the types of uke with flowing motion of Ti.
See Kote Kitae, Kitae Gata , Kote Kitae & Uke Kata Drills (Photos) , Kotei Kitae — Arm Conditioning Drills (Photos)

ウキ       受き

うき

uki

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

See  uke

ウキ足       (受き足)

うきあし

uki ashi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Blocking Stance.  See uki ashi dachi

ウキ足立ち       (受け足立ち)

うきあしだち

uki ashi dachi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Tachikata

Lit. Blocking Stance.  The body weight distribution of uke ashi is designed to hold approximately 60% of the weight on the supporting leg (back leg) and 40% of the weight on the other leg.  In the Shinjinbukan School, Uki Ashi Dachi has the following trademarks that make it different than those used in other Karate Schools: the center axis of the body is always kept straight and the use of Koshi (Hip Joint Mechanism) to generate each uke (block).  Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō prefers to write Uke Ashi Dachi using ウキ足立ち, a combination of Katakana and Kanji, rather than the more common way used by most Karate teachers: 受け足立ち.

うら

ura

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Reverse side, wrong side, back, undersurface, inside, palm. 

裏券

うらけん

ura ken

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Back Fist (Reverse Punch). 

裏手

うらて

ura te

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Back Fist (Reverse Punch).  In the Shinjinbukan School, there are four basic ways to train the hand motion needed to generate the Ura Te:
  1) Ue Kara — From above
  2) Soto Kara — From outside
  3) Shita Kara — From below
  4) Naka Kara — From inside

ウンス

Unsu

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Kata , Shinjinbukan/Syllabus

An ancient Kata from the Shuri Ti tradition practiced by all Shorin Ryu styles.  Unsu is part of the Shinjinbukan curriculum.  In Japanese Karate, it is written with the characters: 雲手 (lit. Cloud Hands).

後ろ

うしろ

ushiro

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Back, behind, rear. 

後ろに

うしろに

ushiro ni

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Move to the rear; look to the rear or an action in a rear direction.  It is used as a command during drills to indicate: "move to the rear". 

後ろの点

うしろのてん

ushiro no ten

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Rear point.  Ushiro no Ten is the rear point of a triangle which is marked by the positions of the feet.  The body moves through Ushiro no Ten or rear point as it changes sides or flanks.  The center axis of the body is maintained at all times, and the motion is generated from the hip rotation rather than from the feet marking the triangle.  The study of Ushiro no Ten is an essential step towards understanding Tenshin.  For example, in Jigotai stance the feet should pass through ushiro no ten in order to change flanks (left and right flank).

See  mae no ten , ushiro no ten (photos)

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Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

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