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武道辞典

Budō Jiten − Martial Arts Dictionary

This dictionary is the result of my personal research to develop a martial arts vocabulary based on the living traditions of Ti, as taught by my teacher Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō at the Shinjinbukan School. Unauthorized reproduction, translation into other languages or sale of these materials constitutes a copyright violation.

Written by Jimmy Mora

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八木明徳

やぎめいとく

Yagi Meitoku

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Masters

Yagi Meitoku Dai Sensei (1912 — 2003) founded the Meibukan School of Gōjū Ryū in 1952.  He was the most senior student of Miyagi Chōjun Dai Sensei (1888 — 1953), the founder of Gōjū Ryū. 
See Gōjū Ryū , Meibukan

約束組手

やくそくくみて

yakusoku kumite

Glossary Category:  Budō/General Terms

Lit. Pre-arranged sparring.  A typical form of sparring training used in sports Karate

大和

やまと

yamato

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Culture

Lit. Japan.  It implies a reference to ancient Japan.

日本

ヤマトゥ

yamatu

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Culture

Lit. Japan.  In the Okinawan dialect it refers to mainland Japan.
See yamatunchū

日本人

ヤマトゥンチュ

yamatunchu

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Culture

See yamatunchū

日本人

ヤマトゥンチュー

yamatunchū

Glossary Category:  Uchinā/Culture

Lit. Japan.  In the Okinawan dialect, Japanese people are called Yamatunchū.
See yamatu

止め

やめ

yame

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. To stop, to hault.  In sports Karate yame is used as a command to stop sparring.

予備運動

よびうんどう

yobiundō

(B) (K)  Lit. Limbering up or warm up exercise. A more accurate translation for martial arts could be conditioning exercises.
See Shinjinbukan no Yobiundō, Miyagi Chōjun Sensei no Yobiundō

良い

よい

yoi

Glossary Category:  Nihongo/Basics

Lit. Good, nice, pleasant, ok. 

よう

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Outside, sunshine, yang principle, positive, male, heaven or daytime.  The term refers to the outer space around the body that is naturally exposed to sunlight.  Yō, also known as omote, is defined as the face, the surface, or the exterior of the fabric of the human body. 

One of the concepts of Ti is to divide the human body in two categories: In and Yō, which are opposite to each other in the same way as Yin and Yang, or Negative and Positive.  In Ti, these concepts do not have any mystical or magical connotations.  On the contrary, the knowledge of In/Yō is essential in order to achieve a high level of technical proficiency and control during Kakie and Iri Kumi
See In , Iri Kumi , shokusokugi , Kakie , kirikae

   

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用意

ようい

yōi

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Preparation, preparedness, arrangement, ready oneself, get ready or make arrangements.  During a drill or kata, yōi refers as the relaxed starting or ending position.  In most cases, yoi position could also be defined as a kamae (guard position), or fighting stance.

よこ

yoko

Glossary by Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Commands

Lit. Lateral. 

横蹴り

よこげり

yoko geri

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Techniques

Lit. Lateral kick or sidekick.  It is usually practiced from the Naihanchi stance.

四段

よんだん

Yon Dan  (alt. yondan, yon-dan)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Fourth level or rank.  Fourth degree black belt.
See Yūdansha, Dan, kuro obi

四級

よんきゅう

Yon Kyū  (alt. yonkyuu, yonkyū, yonkyu, yon-kyu)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Rank.  Fourth rank level below black belt.
See Mudansha

ゆび

yubi

Glossary Category:  Okinawa Karate Dō/Anatomy

Lit. Fingers. 

有段者

ゆうだんしゃ

Yūdansha  (alt. yuudansha, yudansha)

Glossary Category:  Budō/Ranks & Titles

Lit. Person possesing a grade or dan.  A person who holds black belt rank in Martial Arts.
See Mudansha, Dan, kuro obi, Shihan, Renshi, Kyōshi, Hanshi

ゆっくり

ゆっくり

yukkuri

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Slowly, at ease or restful.  Yukkuri is the first stage of the learning process used by the Shinjinbukan School.  Based on this principle, every new process must be learned with ease of movement and muscle relaxation, avoiding at all times any rigid or stiff feeling.  The Yukkuri quality is essential to ALL BODY MOVEMENTS: basic techniques, body displacement, kata, machiwara training, etc.
See kirei , seikaku , hayaku , yukkuri, kirei, seikaku, hayaku

ゆっくり、奇麗、正確、早く

ゆっくり、 きれい、せいかく、はやく

yukkuri, kirei, seikaku, hayaku (dan dan hayaku suru...)

Glossary Category:  Shinjinbukan/System

Lit. Quickly, swiftly or rapidly.  In the Shinjinbukan School, the learning process of the entire system is guided by the following four stages or principles:
1) Yukkuri — Body movement with ease and muscle relaxation.  Do not make stiff.
2) Kirei — Beautiful movement.
3) Seikaku — Accurate movement.
4) Hayaku (dan dan hayaku suru...) — Gradual and controlled build up of speed.

These four stages go beyond the learning phase of a new kata or technique.  In fact, they apply to all training and use of body mechanics.  In the Shinjinbukan School this is viewed as the training process repeating endlessly during a lifetime.
See yukkuri , kirei , seikaku , hayaku

   

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Shinjinbukan.com は、神人武館財団により無料で提供されております。このサイトの立場は、私個人では翁長良光会長のご指導について表現するものと理解しております。したがって、会長に代わって何かを主張するものではありません。もうひとつ、弟子の一人として是非付け加えたいですが、会長の人生や口述での伝統について掲載したいと望んでおります。ジミー・モラ

Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation. The statements on this site represent my own personal understanding of Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's teachings. Therefore, I do not claim to speak on his behalf. As one more of his students, I am eager to share his living and oral traditions. Jimmy Mora

Shinjinbukan.com is a free resource sponsored by the Shinjinbukan Foundation to share Onaga Yoshimitsu Kaichō's Ti: a living and oral tradition.